ULIP refers to Unit linked Insurance plans which is a market linked instrument which combines best features of an investment and an insurance. ULIPs basically offer two way benefits for the holder which are as below
- Insurance cover for the holder and
- Investment option for the holder by creating link with the capital market
Types of ULIPs
Based on the ultimate application
- Retirement ULIPs
These ULIPs need to be contributed by the holder till his service with the employer is still going on. Later on these ULIPs pay off the holder in the nature of annuities post retirement.
- ULIPs offering wealth appreciation
These ULIPs accumulate wealth over a period, giving out benefit of compounding. Hence, it is basically suitable for the people who are in the age group of 25-40 and are seeking wealth appreciation as their long term financial goal.
- ULIPs for children education
This is an instrument which will pay out the money at regular intervals as per the liquidity demands for the kids education. These ULIPs will also come to rescue in case of any unforeseen contingent events.
- Medical benefits ULIPs
This ULIP will provide for medical benefits in case of unanticipated health emergencies.
Based on the investment pattern
- Equity funds
These ULIPs carry higher risk attached since they invest in equity markets. The premium paid by the ULIP holder is invested in equity funds, hence is suitable for those who have higher risk appetite.
- Balanced funds
This ULIP balances out the returns from the debt market and the stock market.
- Debt funds
Here the ULIPs invest in debt market instruments like bonds etc. with the risk-reward matrix of low risk-low reward pattern. Suitable to conventional investors.
Based on death benefit
- Type I ULIP On death of the ULIP holder, the sum which is higher of
- Assured sum value or
- Fund value
Is paid out to the nominee.
- Type II ULIP
On death of the ULIP holder, the sum is paid to nominee which is equal to
- Assured sum value and
- Fund value
Hence, typically, Type II ULIP come with higher premiums towards higher payouts on the event of the death of the policyholder.
How will ULIPs benefit you?
- Above average returns
As ULIPs are linked directly to the stock markets, these will gain whenever the markets trend is bullish (when buying spree leads to upwards trend leading to rising market prices,which will benefit you if you are selling.)
ULIP investor can opt to switch between the funds depending upon his preferences like
a) Based on type of exposure in
ULIPS which invest in debt, equity or hybrid which would give him high reward-high risk (equity) or low risk- low reward (debt).
b) Based on individual finance goals and objectives
Based on long term or short term financial planning goals, the ULIP investor can opt for appropriate fund.
c) Flexibility to opt for programmed switches
If any investor is not sure of ULIP type to be opted for then he can opt for programmed switch among different funds, which will relieve him from any worries of self-monitoring.
ULIPs provide for three way benefits
- Tax deduction are allowed under section 80C for premiums paid for ULIP.
- Further death benefit which is paid out on ULIPs are tax free.
- Assured benefit or investment made towards the ULIPs is also tax free subject to certain conditions.
- Partial withdrawal
Such partial withdrawals are tax free subject to the condition of that their value is not more than 20% of the fund value.
- Top up facility
Whenever the investors hold excess or surplus money, then they have option to invest such additional funds in ULIPs. Additionally, these additional investments will also be eligible for all tax deduction and exemptions as the original investment amounts.
Charges associated with ULIPs
- Fund management charges
These charges are like those applied on mutual funds. These charges are automatically deducted from NAV of the fund.
- Premium Allocation Charges
These are charged on the premium paid by the ULIP investor. These are medical expenses or underwriting cost.
- Fund switching charges
Generally, few switches are free depending upon every other ULIP company, however, over and above such prescribed number of switches, fund switching charges would be levied.
- Mortality charges
These are deducted monthly and are hence borne by the insurer. They vary per age as well as sum assured for every ULIP holder.
- Surrender charges
When the ULIP holder withdraws prematurely fully or partially as a percentage of premium or fund value.
How to choose suitable ULIP?
- Define your requirements
ULIPs come in different sizes and types, hence it is imperative to choose an appropriate plan which would suit your requirements, be it long term or short term. For e.g. if you don’t mind facing higher risk but would seek higher returns, then equity based ULIP is best suited for you.
- Find out about charges
There are several charges like ones mentioned in this article and many more, which may vary for various fund companies. So while opting for any ULIP, look out for charges applicable and then go for the same.
- Sum assured or coverage
This is very important since this is the amount which you or your nominee will receive at maturity or payout event.
Find out whether the fund allows switching (with or without charges), partial or full withdrawal before maturity etc. these options will give such a fund an additional leverage over other alternatives.
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Disclaimer: The views shared in blogs are based on personal opinion and does not endorse the company’s views. Investment is a subject matter of solicitation and one should consult a Financial Adviser before making any investment using the app. Making an investment using the app is the sole decision of the investor and the company or any of its communication cannot be held responsible for it.